Build Your First Mobile App With Ionic 2 & Angular 2 - Part 6

In this part, we'll continue with the code from the previous part and allow the user to tap on a repository in the list. The app will then navigate to a details page and display the contents of the repo's README file.

This tutorial is for Ionic 2, you can find the Ionic 1.x tutorial here.

This tutorial is part of a multi-part series:
Part 1 - Introduction to Hybrid Mobile Apps
Part 2 - Set Up your Development Environment
Part 3 - Introduction to TypeScript & ES6
Part 4 - Introduction to Angular 2
Part 5 - Build an Ionic 2 App
Part 6 - Navigating between Pages (this post)
Part 7 - Test on Emulators and Mobile Devices

The source code can be found on GitHub.

Screenshot App

We are already using navigation...

Before we start writing any code, I want to point out that we are actually already using navigation in the app to load HomePage.

Have a look in your app.ts file and you'll see the following lines of code:

  template: '<ion-nav [root]="rootPage"></ion-nav>'
export class MyApp {  
  rootPage: any = HomePage;

The app.ts file is the starting point for the app and as you can see it's template contains an <ion-nav> element. This is a navigation controller and we'll use it, later on, to navigate between the pages.

The rootPage is set to HomePage, so the navigation controller knows which page to load when the app is launched. You can obviously change this to any page you have within the app.

Now it's time to write the code for navigating to the details page.

Modify HomePage

Let's start by adding a click handler in home.html for the repo items.

<ion-card *ngFor="#repo of foundRepos" (click)="goToDetails(repo)">  

We'll need to import NavController in home.ts.

import {NavController} from 'ionic-angular';  
import {DetailsPage} from '../details/details';  

We're also importing DetailsPage, but we haven't actually built that yet, so you'll probably see an error in your editor, but just ignore that for now.

Next, inject the NavController into the constructor.

constructor(private github: GitHubService,  
            private nav: NavController) {

And add the goToDetails function to handle the click and instruct it to navigate to the DetailsPage.

goToDetails(repo) {  
    this.nav.push(DetailsPage, { repo: repo });

OK, that was easy, right? Let's take a step back to understand the way navigation works in Ionic.

The NavController already has the first page loaded: HomePage and to navigate to DetailsPage, we push it onto the navigation stack and the framework will take care of loading the page and displaying the view transitions that are unique to the mobile platform.

We can use the pop function to take DetailsPage out of the navigation stack, the navigation controller will then go back to HomePage.

We don't need to explicitly use the pop function if DetailsPage has an <ion-navbar> because the framework will put a Back button in the navigation bar. When the user taps this button, the pop will be automatically executed.

We also want DetailsPage to know which repo was selected by the user, so we are sending the repo as a parameter and later on we'll see how to retrieve it on DetailsPage.

Add new function to GithubService

We'll add the getDetails function to GitHubService, so we can call that when we're creating DetailsPage.

getDetails(repo) {  
    let headers = new Headers();

    return this.http.get(`${repo.url}/readme`, { headers: headers });

The code above will get the contents of the repo's README file. We're adding the Accept header to specify that we want the README in HTML format, so we can easily display it on the DetailsPage.

Create DetailsPage

Go into the apps/pages folder in the project and add a new folder details.

Update April 8: The Ionic CLI can now generate the page based on a TypeScript template with the ionic generate command. See documentation. You can generate all the files for a the DetailsPage with this command ionic g page details --ts.

Create the file details.html and add the following code:

<ion-navbar *navbar>  
        {{ }}

    <div padding [innerHTML]="readme"></div>

As you can see we're using a different type of binding for displaying the README contents. We can not use the code below because that will encode the HTML code and we'll end up seeing the code itself on the view.

<div padding>{{ readme }}</div>  

What we want is to add the contents of the README file as HTML to the DOM, and we can do that by binding the innerHTML property on the <div> to readme.

Create the file details.ts and add the following code:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';  
import { NavController, NavParams } from 'ionic-angular';  
import {GitHubService} from '../../services/github';

    templateUrl: 'build/pages/details/details.html',
    providers: [GitHubService]
export class DetailsPage {  
    public readme = '';
    public repo;

    constructor(private github: GitHubService, 
                private nav: NavController, 
                private navParams: NavParams) {

        this.repo = navParams.get('repo');

            data => this.readme = data.text(),
            err => {
                if (err.status == 404) {
                    this.readme = 'This repo does not have a README. :(';
                } else {
            () => console.log('getDetails completed')

This page is quite similar to HomePage, except now we're also importing the NavParams module. We need that to get the parameter repo that was sent by HomePage.

We're Done!

Fire up the browser with ionic serve and you should be able to tap on a repository and see the contents of the README file.

Screenshot App

The source code can be found on GitHub.

So now you know how to navigate from one page to another, what about navigating with Tabs and Menus? These are actually not hard to implement and the Ionic documentation has examples for both here: Tabs and Menus.

What's Next?

In the next part we'll conclude this tutorial series by exploring how to deploy and test on emulators and mobile devices.

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